The Exporters are required to register with Indonesia’s trade department to obtain a customs identification number (Nomor Identitas Kepabeanan, NIK). This is a personal identification number assigned by the Directorate General of Customs and Excise. Additionally, exporting entities must have a taxpayer identification number (NPWP) and one of the following business licenses: Trade license (SIUP) from the Ministry of Trade; Manufacturing license from the Ministry of Industry, or other licenses issued by the relevant authority; PMA license issued by the Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM); or Exporter identification number (APE).
Legal entities or businesses exporting out of Indonesia must submit Bill of Lading, Airway bill or other transport documents such as postal receipt, cargo receipt; Commercial Invoice; Customs Export Declaration; Packing List; Export declaration of goods (PEB); Insurance Certificate; Export Permit; and Certificate of Origin.
Export Declaration (PEB)
Upon sales contract confirmation and the eligibility of the goods have been confirmed, a prospective exporter can proceed with the packaging and scheduling of the export shipment. One of the most important steps that comes next is for the exporter to submit a Pemberitahuan Ekspor Barang (PEB) to the Customs and Excise Office. The PEB along with several accompanying documents, including a commercial invoice, packing list, and documents from the relevant technical bodies, are required in order to obtain the approval for export. A PEB will contain information such as:
- Customs broker (if available);
- Means of transport;
- Country of destination; and
- The goods (type, quantity, container number, relevant documents).
The PEB submission should be no earlier than seven days prior to the shipping/transportation schedule or prior to goods entering the customs area. Upon Customs examination on the eligibility of both the Exporter and the products, as well as on document completeness and validity, and the PEB has been found valid, the exporter will be granted a Notice of Export Approval (NPE). The issuance of an NPE effectively endorses the goods as goods cleared for export, therefore it can be submitted/loaded to the mode of transportation. Note, taxes may apply for certain goods intended for export; The exporter must settle full amount of tax prior to exporting of shipment. The main component for tax calculations in this regard is the export benchmark price (HPE) as regulated by the Ministry of Trade.