Customs Procedures in Indonesia
To be legally importing in Indonesia, importers – who may be a person or company – are required to register with Indonesia’s trade department and obtain a customs identification number (Nomor Identitas Kepabeanan, NIK). Besides NIK, importers must obtain an Importer Identification Number (Angka Pengenal Import, API), which serves as a record in the database of importers and their import activities. All import activities are prohibited without the API.
The Indonesian authorities require complete and extensive documentation prior to allowing for importation of goods. The licensed customs agents are familiar with the importation procedures and documentation requirement/submission. The minimum, the exporter or their freight forwarding agent must provide a from cross-border trading:
- Pro-forma Invoice,
- CIPL – Commercial Invoice and Packing List,
- International Shipping Document – Bill of lading or Airway Bill,
- Certificate of Origin.
Where applicable, other additional documents, permits, certificates, licenses are often required by relevant Authorities and Agencies with a specific interest in the content and conformance of the imported product such as food, pharmaceutical or chemicals related products to ensure it meets with the required standards.
The process of providing the required importation documentation includes a requirement that the Importer or Importer’s appointed Customs Agent to notify the Customs office prior to the arrival of the shipment. Subsequently, the Importer or appointed agent submits the required import documents electronically through the electronic data interchange (EDI) in a standardised format placed on flash drives. In addition to providing the Import documentation, the Custom Office will conduct physical examination of the imported shipment, where applicable.
There is an Import fee applicable for import goods/shipment which is based on the goods classification from Indonesian Customs Tariff Book or Harmonised System Code.
Since 2013, the new requirement for food products; to incorporate labelling in Indonesian language.
Additional Information – Specific Import Compliance
Importation of certain products i.e. foodstuff, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, requires a certificate or an authorisation issued by competent Authorities or Agencies (health Science Authority, Food Drug Administration, Preventive health services, etc.)
Nominating a Freight Forwarder/Agency to manage the import Customs Clearance in Indonesia can help with a seamless and effective operation.
For more information, please visit the website of the Indonesian Customs.